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Pre-historic art in digital era

Abrar Ahmad, wearing his crisp white kurta, says that he was the first one to introduce bone carving in Mailaraihanj, a small village in the Barabanki district of Uttar Pradesh. There is no one in the village who can refute his claim. He lives in a small house with a brick kiln roof which holds several valuable mentions in the history of handicrafts in India, including the State Handicraft Award that he won in 2009.

The art of bone carving goes back to time immemorial. It is considered to be an important pre-historic art, which marks the domestication of human beings. It all started with using bones and ivory as hunting tools in prehistoric days.

Over the centuries, using bones for tools has been replaced with using bones for artefacts in contemporary times, due to the availability of more sophisticated weapons, and a ban on poaching of animals.

The process of bone carving involves intricate hand-eye coordination, and there are several layers to the process before it finally transforms into a decorative craft item. From making his own carving tools, called titli, to maintaining extreme precision while carving, Ahmad shows sheer dexterity and nothing else. Without the use of any graphs or machines, he makes a masterpiece every time.

In Barabanki, he says, most designs are inspired by the Awadhi architecture, which comprises of jali work and bel-patti. Bones and horns—extracted from animals that have naturally died—are first beaten and given shape.

Ahmed then carves them using different tools, gluing each piece to another, and eventually creating a decorative item, such as a lamp, or even a jewellery box.

Today, people know Mailaraiganj village for Ahmad’s karkhana (workshop). Often, “Ustaad Sahab”, as the villagers popularly call him, even hosts craft tourists at his house. Recently, even the State Ministries of Minority Affairs and Handicrafts recognised the efforts of Ahmad. In his 70-year life, he has spent more years in bone carving than in anything else, yet he earns less than a daily wage labourer.

The demand for products has fallen tremendously over the years. The nature of the market and the tastes of people have also changed. With reduced last-mile reach, not every craftsman has direct access to fairs, exhibitions, and bigger markets, and so profits are becoming smaller by the day. This is the reason that many from the younger generation are no longer willing to take up bone carving, and many other crafts-based vocations.

With smartphones in hand, people in cities prefer to shop online with ease, even if they are paying three times more than the value of the product.

However, Ahmad believes that his art is going to mark a comebaack in the market.

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A bone-carving jewellery box made by Ahmad (Art)
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Abrar Ahmad at his bone-carving workshop (Art, Men, Livelihood)
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Ahmad shows an artefact that he has carved by hand (Art, Men, Livelihood)
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Barabanki is home to thousands of weavers who earn a livelihood by making gamchas and scarves (Women, Livelihood, Art)
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Barabanki is home to thousands of weavers who earn a livelihood by making gamchas and scarves Mwn, Livelihood, Art)
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